symbiotes of Laonastes aenigmamus (Rodentia: Diatomyidae)
A.V. Bochkov, A.V.
Abramov, L.A. Durden, D.A. Apanaskevich, A.A. Stekolnikov, M.K.
Stanyukovich, S. Gnophanxay, A.N. Tikhonov
Journal of Parasitology,
97(2): 352-353 (2011).
S U M M A R Y
symbiotes of the Laotian rock-rat Laonastes aenigmamus
(Rodentia: Diatomyidae) from Laos are examined. This host is member of
a rodent family Diatomyidae previously thought to have gone extinct
>10 million years ago. Permanent symbiotes are represented by 2
species, a new species of sucking louse Polyplax
sp., near rhizomydis (Phthiraptera: Polyplacidae),
and a new species of fur mite Afrolistrophorus sp.,
near maculatus (Acariformes: Listrophoridae). The
temporary parasites are represented by 18 species: 1 mesostigmatan
species, Androlaelaps n.sp. near casalis
(Parasitiformes: Laelapidae), immature stages of 2 tick species, Ixodes
granulatus and Haemaphysalis sp.
(Parasitiformes: Ixodidae), and a rich fauna of chiggers (Acariformes:
Trombiculidae) comprising 8 genera and 15 species. It is hypothesized
that this host completely lost its initial fauna of ectosymbiotes and
that ancestors of the recorded symbiotes switched to this host from
rodents of the superfamily Muroidea.